December 14, 2020
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), people with moderate to severe asthma may be at a greater risk of severe illness from COVID-19. People with asthma who contract the virus are more likely to be hospitalized, as COVID-19 can exacerbate asthma. The American Association of Respiratory Care (AARC) has provided several steps to reduce your risk from an asthma attack caused by a viral illness:
The CDC recommends taking these steps to control your asthma during the duration of the COVID-19 pandemic:
Follow your asthma action plan. Everyone who has been diagnosed with asthma needs their own personalized action plan. Work with your health care provider to create a plan that works for you and is tailored to your individual needs and risks.
Avoid asthma triggers. It is important to know what triggers your asthma symptoms. Common triggers include tobacco smoke, dust mites, outdoor pollutants, pets and mold. Review this complete list of common triggers.
Continue taking your medications. It is critical that you continue taking your medications to keep your asthma under control during the COVID-19 pandemic. This includes any inhalers that contain steroids. Make sure you know how to use your inhaler.
Create an emergency supply of medication. Talk to your health care provider about creating an at-home emergency supply of your asthma medications, including inhalers. Ensure you have a 30-day supply of non-prescription medications on hand.
Disinfecting your home and workplace regularly helps to limit the spread of COVID-19, but disinfectants such as bleach and cleaning sprays can exacerbate asthma symptoms. Here are some of the CDC's tips to avoid triggering an asthma attack while disinfecting to prevent COVID-19 spread:
If at any time during the COVID-19 pandemic you sense an asthma trigger or need medical care, contact your health care provider.